Sweden's capital has probably one of the best public transport systems in Europe, especially if you look at the total length of rapid rail (T-bana, commuter rail and light rail lines) for a relatively low number of inhabitants, only about 800,000 in the city of Stockholm, although the whole metropolitan area (Stockholms län) has about 2 million. The city is situated on various islands which makes city transport a special enterprise. The Stockholm T-bana is also considered to be one of the most beautiful metro systems in Europe, especially the newest line (blue) is a real art gallery. Stockholm's tunnelbana is 108 km long (62 km are underground) with 100 stations. From 1998 most trains have been replaced by the new Vagn 2000. The Stockholm Tunnelbana is operated on the left.
|Green Line (Gröna Linjen)|
first line was opened in 1950 between Slussen and Hökarängen,
a suburb in the south. Between Slussen and Skanstull the
Tunnelbana uses a tunnel already built in 1933 for rapid tram lines
serving the southern suburbs. Today's southern legs of the Green Line
partly follow the alignments of these tram lines.
T17: Åkeshov (Odenplan in the evenings) - Skarpnäck
|Red Line (Röda Linjen)|
The second Tunnelbana system opened in 1964 between T-Centralen and Örnsberg/Fruängen and was completed in 1975. The Red Line was built deeper than the Green Line, with the first rock cavern stations on the Norsborg branch at Masmo and Alby. The Mörby branch was initially planned to reach Täby, but these plans were later shelved. At Ropsten, there is a direct interchange with the Lidingöbanan, although the alignment of the Red Line would allow for a future extension across the bridge towards the island of Lidingö. The Red Line consists of two lines:
T13: Norsborg - Ropsten
|Blue Line (Blå Linjen)|
The same year the Red Line was finished the blue line opened its first segment. This line is almost entirely underground (except Kista station) and all stations were built in rock at a depth of 20-30m. All of these stations boast a great design by different artists. Due to the deep alignment the line is not very busy with inner-city traffic, most passengers board the trains at T-Centralen to go to the northwestern suburbs. Along the surface strech of the Akalla branch another station, Kymlinge, was built but never opened. It will probably never open as it lies in a now protected area. The Blue Line operates two lines:
T10: Kungsträdgården - Hjulsta
|Other Rail Transport in Greater Stockholm|
Apart from the Tunnelbana Stockholm has a wide range of other urban and suburban railways:
1) Pendeltåg (J35, J36) - commuter rail line crossing the city north/south and with two branches on either side. A north-south tunnel will be built, with interchange to the Tunnelbana at Odenplan, T-Centralen and (maybe) Slussen.
2) Saltsjöbanan (L25, L26) - a suburban railway, opened in 1893 and electrified in 1913, leaving from Slussen and serving the eastern suburbs (Nacka).
3) Roslagsbanan (L27, L28, L29) - 891mm gauge suburban network, opened in 1888 and electrified in 1895, leaving next to Tekniska Högskolan station and serving the Täby area northeast of Stockholm.
4) Nockebybanan (L12) - the last of the former rapid tram lines, now operated with modern rolling stock together with the Tvärbanan. Cross-platform interchange with Tunnelbana at Alvik.
5) Lidingöbanan (L21) - a single-track light rail line linking the southern part of Lidingö Island to Ropsten station.
6) Tvärbanan (L22) - a new kind of circular light rail line (modern tram), which opened in June 2000 from Gullmarsplan to Alvik (9.4 km) In 2002, it was extended towards the east to Hammarby Sjöstad and Sickla Udde on the eastern side of the Sickla canal.
A 7 km extension from Alvik to Solna is expected to open in June 2013 to Solna centrum, and one year later to Solna station.
7) Hissbanan - a rubber-tired funicular linking Liljeholmen metro station to the Nybohov neighbourhood.
8) Djurgårdslinjen - the last tramway line operating historic trams between Norrmalmstorg and Djurgården, extended in Aug. 2010 to Sergels torg and converted into a modern tram line (Spårväg City). More about Stockholm trams here!
Oct 1950: Slussen - Hökarängen Green
09 Jan 2006: Årstaberg station on Pendeltåg line added
Tvärbanan is currently being extended from Alvik to Solna (7 km). There will be an 800 m tunnel just north of Alvik.
- The commuter train (Pendeltåg) will run in a tunnel under the city
centre with stations at City (T-centralen) and at Odenplan.
Construction officially started in early 2009.
The T-bana is planned to be be extended from Odenplan to Karolinska Sjukhuset and from there likely towards Solna centrum (Green Line).
The Blue Line has long been planned to be extended from Kungsträdgården via Skepsholmen to Slussen and further on to Nacka in the east.
plans include the following extensions:
Tvärbanan may be extended to Slussen on the rails of Saltsjöbanan, which would be converted to light rail operation. And a new line is planned diverging from the future Alvik - Solna link towards Kista.
The Pendeltåg is also to get an extension towards the north-east to connect to the Roslagsbanan.
SL - Storstockholms Lokaltrafik (Official Site)
MTR Stockholm (Tunnelbana Operator)
Veolia Transport Sverige (Light Rail Operator)
Stockholms Tunnelbana at Wikipedia
Many photographs and links by Leif Spångberg
Rail News from Sweden (incl. Tunnelbana)
Stockholm's Tunnelbana by Lars Mattias Radvall
Spårvägsmuseet (Tram Museum)
Stockholm Trams at UrbanRail.Net
Robert Schwandl: Metros in Scandinavia. - 2004, 144 p., ISBN 3-936573-04-2
Björn Alfredsson, Roland Berndt & Hans Harlén: Stockholm under : 50 år - 100 stationer . - Published for Stockholm metro's 50th birthday in 2000. Brombergs - ISBN 9176088324
En värld under jord : färg och form i tunnel... Art on the underground. - Stockholmia Förlag, 2000 - ISBN 9170311072
Thanks to Leonardo Hernandez-Cortez, Alex Riabov, Anders Anttonen, Mats Johnsson!