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OSLO
 Norway

 

Oslo T-bane map © UrbanRail.Net

Oslo Tram Oslo Tram

 System

Oslo Metro © Olaf WenkeNorway's capital, Oslo, has only about 615,000 inhabitants, though in the whole metropolitan area (incl. Akershus county with 545,000 inh.) there are over a million. The city is very widespread on both sides of the Oslo-Fjord and throughout the surrounding hills. Besides the T-Bane, Oslo also has a large tram system (Trikken).

The Oslo tunnelbane began as a network of suburban railroads which finally were connected through a city tunnel to form today's network of T-bane lines. So some lines date back to the end of the 19th century (Holmenkollbanen 1898). All western lines had their terminus station at Majorstuen until a 2 km long tunnel was built to Nationaltheatret in 1928.

On the eastern side of town, tramways dominated until the 1950's, there was only one rail-line (today's line 3 east). Line 4 to Bergkrystallen was opened as a metro line in 1966 although part of the line had been used for light rail before. In the 1970's the rest of the eastern lines was built with their city terminus at Jernbanetorget (Central Station).

In 1977 the city tunnel could be opened for the eastern lines to reach Stortinget, in 1986 also western lines could run through the new tunnel from Nationaltheatret to Stortinget although passengers had to transfer here because of two different supply systems (only the eastern lines had third rail supply then). From 1993 on, the western lines either changed their power supply to third rail or new trains equipped with both systems (catenary and 3rd rail) have been used on Line 1 (2-car trains, switch at Frøen) and the former Line 4 to Kolsås (3-car trains, switch at Montebello - this route is now being upgraded for full metro service). Along the stretches using overhead wires there are also some level crossings. Since 1995 all 5 lines run through the shared metro tunnel from east to west.

On 12 April 2003, the line arrangement on the western side was changed, with Line 1 being cut back to Majorstuen (during peak hours through operation to Bergkrystallen). After passenger protests, Line 1 has been running again through the city tunnel all the way to Helsfyr since 8 Jan 2005.

The ring line was completed on 21 Aug 2006 when the missing section between Storo and Carl Berners plass was brought into service. Since that day, Line 4 and the newly created Line 6 have been serving the ring jointly in a loop.

On 1 July 2006, the Kolsåsbanen was curtailed at Montebello station to allow for its upgrading to metro standard. During construction trains terminated at a temporary stop called Husebybakken. The line reopened in stages, starting in Aug 2008 up to Åsjordet (see list below).

 

Tram  Atlas Nordeuropa

Metros in Scandinavia

On 14 March 2010, operation with overhead power supply ceased on the last stretch of line 1, which was then converted to third-rail power supply, too, although the line is not completely segregated, but retains several level crossings. While not all stations have been rebuilt (some may be eliminated or relocated), the doors of the last car of a 3-car train will not open at those stations. During daytime hours, line 1 trains now operate to Ellingsrudåsen, whereas during other times they terminate at Helsfyr.

On 9 Dec 2012, except for line 1, all the western termini were switched, leaving the following lines:

1
 Frognerseteren - Ellingsrudåsen
2
 Avløs - Ellingsrudåsen
3
 Storo - Mortensrud
4
 Ring (Line 6) - Bergkrystallen
5
 Østerås - Vestli
6
 Ring (Line 4) - Sognsvann

 


In summer 2003, 99 new metro-cars were ordered from Siemens (based on those currently being built for the Vienna U-Bahn), for delivery from 2006. Three of these new cars will form a permanently coupled unit, allowing free movement between them. The new trains will mainly replace more than 30-year old rolling stock. (Photo - MX3002 © Siemens)

 Photos
Oslo Metro T-bane Oslo Metro T-bane Oslo Metro T-bane Oslo Metro T-bane Oslo Metro T-bane
Photos © Olaf Wenke | More photos
 History

20 Aug 2003: Ullevål Stadion - Storo
22 Nov 2004: Bekkestua - Kolsås reopened (Kolsåsbanen)
01 July 2006: Kolsåsbanen closed
21 Aug 2006: Storo - Carl Berners plass
18 Aug 2008: Kolsåsbanen reopened as a full metro line between Smestad and Åsjordet
17 Aug 2010: Åsjordet - Bjørnsletta reopened
01 Dec 2010: Bjørnsletta - Jar reopened
15 Aug 2011: Jar - Bekkestua reopened
08 Oct 2012: Bekkestua - Gjønnes reopened
15 Dec 2013: Gjønnes- Avløs reopened

For detailed history click here!

 Projects

Husebybakken © Brian Hardy- On 1 July 2006, the Kolsåsbanen was curtailed at Montebello station to allow for its upgrading to metro standard. Various sections have since reopened. The final stretch to Kolsås will be back in service in Oct. 2014.

- A direct link (the so-called 'Lørenbanen') will be built between Sinsen and Økern, so trains from the Grorudbanen (now served by line 5) can continue on the Ringbanen (Construction start 2013, opening 2017).

- the 'Ensjøsvingen' has been proposed to allow direct trains from Ensjø to Carl-Berners-Plass and thus to the northern ring.

- Line 2 may be extended from Ellingsrudåsen to Akershus Universitetssykehus (2 km)

- in the city centre, an additional station has been planned at Homansbyen (between Majorstuen and Nationaltheatret) for many years, but postponed time and again.

 
 
T-bane at Ellingsrudåsen 2003 © UrbanRail.Net MX3002 © Siemens Oslo Metro T-bane Oslo Metro T-bane
Photo 1 © R. Schwandl; 2 © Siemens; 3-4 © Olaf Wenke | More photos
 Links

Ruter (Official Public Transport Site incl. route finder, fares, maps, etc.)

T-bane.no (Official Website)

NSB - Norwegian National Railways

(Sporveien (Urban Rail Infrastructure)


Oslo T-bane at Wikipedia (en)

Oslo T-bane at Wikipedia.de and in Norwegian

Oslo Metro Gallery

Oslo Tram Museum

Leif Spångberg's Oslo Photo Gallery

BLOG: Read your webmaster's personal impressions of the Oslo urban rail system (July 2013)


Oslo Tram at UrbanRail.Net

 Photos
Frognerseteren 2003 © UrbanRail.Net Hovseter 2003 © UrbanRail.Net Majorstuen 2003 © UrbanRail.Net Voksenkollen 2003 © UrbanRail.Net Stortinget 2003 © UrbanRail.Net
Photos © Robert Schwandl (UrbanRail.Net) More photos
 

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2004 © UrbanRail.Net by Robert Schwandl.