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MÜNCHEN
 Bayern | Bavaria . Germany

Muenchen U-Bahn map

History | Projects | S-Bahn | Links | Books | Photos | Tram | | Deutsch
 System

The capital of Bavaria is Germany's third largest city with 1.3 million inhabitants. The city hosted the Olympic Games in 1972 and for this occasion the first metro line was built. Since then, Munich has developed one of Europe's best metro networks which together with the S-Bahn serves almost all parts of the city. Munich also boasts an extensive tram network.

In the 1950's-60's, Munich, like other German cities such as Stuttgart, Frankfurt, Cologne or Hanover, decided to build underground sections especially in the city centre for its existing tram routes. But before construction started, the city changed its mind in favour of a full metro. In 1964, construction of the first north-south route (now U6) between Kieferngarten and Goetheplatz began. A 600 m long tunnel (at Goetheplatz) built in 1941 for a planned north-south rail tunnel was able to be used. When the city was chosen to host the 1972 Olympics, a branch was planned from Münchner Freiheit to Olympiazentrum (U3). At the same time the S-Bahn tunnel straight through the city centre was built (opened May 1972). In 1971 Munich joined the European metro cities. The Munich U-Bahn system is actually a 3-line network with two branches at each end.

C-train © R. Schwandl U1 OEZ © M. Frey U1 Georg-Brauchle-Ring © R. Schwandl U3/U6 Marienplatz  © R. Schwandl U5 Laimer Platz © R. Schwandl

München U-Bahn AlbumIn Dec. 2010 the network has a total length of 95 km (100 stations), with approx. 9 km being above ground:
- U6 from Studentenstadt to Garching-Hochbrück - 7.9 km; and a short stretch between Garching and Garching-Forschungszentrum
- U5 Neuperlach-Süd (0.3 km; sharing platform with single track S-Bahn).

The U-Bahn's main depot and maintenance yard is located next to Fröttmaning station on U6, another depot lies just south of Neuperlach-Süd. More sidings are distributed all over the network between the running tracks or behind terminal stations.

The Munich S-Bahn operated by Deutsche Bahn AG is an important complementary rapid rail service also within the city. All routes have a basic frequency of 20 minutes which results in a 3-5 minute interval along the common city route between Pasing and Ostbahnhof. Munich Airport can be reached on two routes, the S8 connects the city centre via Ostbahnhof and Ismaning, a second connection (an S1 branch opened in Nov. 1998) runs on a western route with transfer to U2 at Feldmoching.

 

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 Lines & History
 
U3
 Moosach - Fürstenried West
U6
 Garching-Forschungszentrum - Klinikum Großhadern

U3 Moosach19 Oct 1971: U6 Kieferngarten - Goetheplatz (12 km)
08 May 1972: U3 Münchner Freiheit - Olympiazentrum
22 Nov 1975: U3/U6
Goetheplatz - Harras (except Poccistraße)
28 May 1978: U3/U6 Poccistraße added
16 Apr 1983: U3/U6 Harras - Holzapfelkreuth
28 Oct 1989: U3 Implerstraße - Forstenrieder Allee
01 Jun 1991: U3 Forstenrieder Allee - Fürstenried West
22 May 1993: U6 Holzapfelkreuth - Klinikum Großhadern
03 Jun 1994: U6 Kieferngarten - Fröttmaning
U3 Moosacher St.-Martins-Platz28 Oct 1995: U6 Fröttmaning - Garching-Hochbrück
14 Oct 2006: U6 Garching-Hochbrück - Garching-Forschungszentrum (4.4 km)
28 Oct 2007: U3 Olympiazentrum - Olympia-Einkaufszentrum (2.5 km)
12 Dec 2010: U3 Olympia-Einkaufszentrum - Moosach (1.7 km)

U3 - 20.9 km, U6 - 27.4 km (5.8 km shared)

 
U1
 Olympia-Einkaufszentrum - Mangfallplatz
U2
 Feldmoching - Messestadt Ost

18 Oct 1980: U8 Scheidplatz - Innsbrucker Ring [- Neuperlach Süd] (16 km)
  [U2 was initially called U8 and continued from Scheidplatz to Olympiazentrum sharing the U3 route]
28 May 1983: U1 Hauptbahnhof - Rotkreuzplatz
20 Nov 1993: U2
Scheidplatz - Dülferstraße
26 Oct 1996: U2
Dülferstraße - Feldmoching
08 Nov 1997: U1
Kolumbusplatz - Mangfallplatz
24 May 1998: U1
Rotkreuzplatz - Westfriedhof
29 May 1999: U2
Innsbrucker Ring - Messestadt-Ost (Munich Fair Centre - former airport) (7.7 km - 6 stations)
18 Oct 2003: U1
Westfriedhof - Georg-Brauchle-Ring (0.7km)
31 Oct 2004: U1
Georg-Brauchle-Ring - Olympia-Einkaufszentrum (0EZ) (0.6km)

U1 - 12.2 km, U2 - 24.4 km (2.8 km shared)

 
U4
 Westendstraße - Arabellapark
U5
 Laimer Platz - Neuperlach Süd

[initially planned as U5/U9]
18 Oct 1980: [Scheidplatz -] Innsbrucker Ring - Neuperlach Süd
10 Mar 1984: U4/U5 Westendstr. - Karlsplatz (plus service tunnel between Schwanthalerhöhe* and Implerstraße)
01 Mar 1986: U4/U5 Karlsplatz - Odeonsplatz
24 Mar 1988: Laimer Platz - Westendstr.
27 Oct 1988: Odeonsplatz - Arabellapark (U4) / Innsbrucker Ring (U5) - continues to Neuperlach Süd (with U2 until May 1999)

Since June 1999, U4 trains end at Westendstraße.

U4 - 9.3 km, U5 - 15.4 km (6.3 km shared)

* In 1998, Messegelände (former Exhibition Centre - see U2) was renamed into Schwanthalerhöhe.

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 Photos

U1 Westfriedhof U1-U2 Sendlinger Tor U2 Dülferstraße U3 Oberwiesenfeld U3 Olympia-Einkaufszentrum

 Projects

Short term project:
- U6 from Klinikum Großhadern to Martinsried (1.3 km)

Long-term projects:
- U4 east Arabellapark to Englschalking (S) (1.9 km)
- U5 west
Laimer Platz to Pasing (S) (3.6 km)

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 Links

MVV - Munich Transport (Offical Page)

MVG (U-Bahn operator)

Munich U-Bahn at Wikipedia

Münchner U-Bahn by Florian Schütz

Münchner U-Bahn by Thomas Oswald (feat. new U2 extension)

Munich U-Bahn Gallery by Gerhard Hauptmann

Interessensgemeinschaft S-Bahn

Current U-Bahn projects (Baureferat)

Munich U-Bahn at world.nycsubway.org with many station photos

Second S-Bahn Tunnel (DB project website)

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 Books

München U-Bahn Album Schütz, Florian: MÜNCHEN U-BAHN ALBUM. All Munich Metro Stations in Colour. - Nov. 2008, Berlin, ISBN 978 3 836573 19 0

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Schwandl, Robert: Schnellbahnen in Deutschland / Metros in Germany. U-Bahn - Stadtbahn - S-Bahn. - April 2007, Berlin, ISBN 978 3 836573 18 3

- Anything you want to know about German metro and light rail systems, with detailed maps and hundreds of colour photos; 192 pages; Text German and English - More details

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U-Bahn Architektur in München / Subway Architecture in Munich by Christoph Hackelsberger

144 pages and 176 great illustrations (52 in color), German and English text

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Pischek, W. und H. Junghardt: DIE MÜNCHNER U-BAHN. Unterirdisch durch die bayrische Landeshauptstadt. 2002 (new edition), GeraMond. Largely illustrated, this book gives you all the details about the history and the daily routine of the Munich underground (German, 160 pages).

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Pospischil, R. und E. Rudolph: S-Bahn München .- Alba, 1997. - This book illustrates and describes the transformation of the former regional rail lines into one of Germany's best suburban S-Bahn services (German, 240 pages).

 

 

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