Daegu* has some 2.5 million inhabitants and lies in the south of the Korean peninsula, about 120 km north of Busan.
Construction of the Daegu subway started in 1992. A network with 6 lines to be built in 3 stages is planned. Phase 1 initially included 3 lines to be completed by 2007, but apparently it will take longer to finish. Subway Line 3 was to link Chilgok to Beommul (21.5 km), but it is now being built as a monorail line.
Daegok - Ansim, 26 km with 30 stations
Line 1 was inaugurated in two stages in 1997/98 with 29 stations (25 km) and 149 m long platforms. A 0.7 km extension towards the southwest was added in May 2002. All stations and all 216 subway cars have air-conditioning. One train consists of six 17.5 m long cars. A trip along the entire line takes 50 minutes.
1997 - Jincheon
Munyang - Yeongnam University, 31.4 km with 29 stations
Construction of Line 2 began 1997. The initial 28 km line (26 stations) opened in Oct 2005. Line 2 intersects with Line 1 at Banwoldang in the city centre. It was extended east by 3.4 km to Yeongnam University in Sept 2012.
Munyang - Sawol
Line 1 of Daegu's subway is being extended from Ansim to Sabok (1.3 km).
The contract for the construction of a 24 km driverless monorail line was awarded to Hitachi, Ltd., Transportation Systems in 2008 for completion in Dec 2014. The line will have 30 elevated stations, and run from Chilgok in the northwest to Dong-A Suseong in the southeast. It will intersect with Line 2 at Sinnam (formerly Seomun Market) station, and with Line 1 at Myeongdeok Station.
Daegu Metropolitan Subway (Official Site)
Daegu Subway at Wikipedia
*Daegu was formerly transliterated into English as Taegu.
On January 22nd 2000, a sector for the Taegu subway under construction collapsed, killing three people, and the part of the city's main roads connecting the line under construction was closed. Taegu city has suffered the worst woes and accidents in South Korea. Not only the city purchased too many subway vehicles, but also construction cost too many lives of citizens living in the area. The worst subway construction accident occurred in Korea's 3rd largest city. The Taegu subway has claimed a total of 124 lives since its construction began in 1992. Of the victims of the subway disaster, 104 were people who were not related with the construction. And again, of the 104, eight were schoolboys. They lost their lives during the explosion that occurred in April 1995, which was the worst subway construction accident. Due to that accident, 101 citizens were killed. The Taegu city government suspended the construction of line 2 until further notice.
Seoul also suffered a fatal accident on October 2nd, 1994, when an oil carrier train crashed into the back of a commuter train, killing 3 and injuring 44. But the worst subway collision occurred in Pusan's metro line No.1 in 1987. Although there were no lives lost at that time, 78 passengers were injured, due to a brake failure of an out-of-service train that ran into a packed train.
Peter Kim Hee Tae, Seoul Correspondent, January 25th, 2000
Taegu Subway corporation has trouble with the system. The city bought trains and rolling stock that could carry up to 610,000 a day, but the trains carry only 142,000 passsengers a day. The population of South Korea's 3rd largest city has 2.5 million.
The Taegu city subway has a total of 138 metro cars in use.
Peter Kim Hee Tae, UrbanRail.Net Seoul Correspondent Nov 23, 1999