[ UrbanRail.Net ]     [ Europe ] [ Americas ] [ Asia ] [ Africa ] [ Oceania ]     [ News ] [ Books ] [ Links ]

CHONGQING
 China

Chongqing Monorail Metro Map

Click on map to expand to full size!

Report error!
 System

The city of Chongqing (formerly known as Chungking) lies in the centre of China on the Yangtze River. In its urban area it has a population of 8 million, with approx. 12 million in its metropolitan area.

 

 Line 1

Chongqing's first full subway runs from Chaotianmen (passenger port) at the east end of the central district to Shapingba in the west. The initial section will be 16.4 km, with 14 stations. Limited service started between Jiaochangkou (L2) and Shapingba in July 2011.

28 July 2011: Jiaochangkou - Shapingba
27 Sept 2011: Jiaochangkou - Xiaoshizi
21 Dec 2012:
Shapingba - Daxuecheng (20 km)

 Line 2

The first Chongqing Monorail line - from Jiaochangkou to Dongwuyuan (13 stations, 13.5 km) - opened in June 2005 after construction had started at the end of 1999.

The mostly elevated line starts at Jiaochangkou in the central district and ends at Xinshancun in the southwestern industrial area. The total length is 19.2 km with 18 stations. In the long term, the line will be extended to Fengshouba, about 6.2 km, and Zhongliangshan. Monorail trains were built by Changchun Rail Company and Hitachi.

18 June 2005: Jiaochangkou - Dongwuyuan
01 July 2006: Dongwuyuan - Xinshancun

Chongqing Monorail Chongqing Monorail

Chongqing Monorail Chongqing Monorail

 Line 3

Chongqing's second Monorail line runs north-south across the city centre linking Chongqing North Railway Station with the south bank of the Yangtze River. It uses combined road/rail bridges to cross the Yangtze (1.15 km) and Jialing Rivers (0.5 km). Total length 39.1 km.

29 Sept 2011: Lianglukou - Yuanyang (w/o Hongqihegou, Zhengjiayuanzi, Longtousi, Tongjiayuanzi) (17.5 km)
08 Oct 2011: Yuanyang - Changfulu
30 Dec 2011: Lianglukou - Ertang (w/o Gongmao, Tongyuanju)
30 Dec 2011: + Tongjiayuanzi
30 Dec 2011: Changfulu - Jiangbei International Airport
01 Mar 2012: + Hongqihegou
01 May 2012: + Zhengjiayuanzi
28 Dec 2012: Ertang - Yudong (w/o Jinzhu, Huaxi, Chalukou)
28 Dec 2012: + Gongmao & Tongyuanju
31 Jan 2013: + Chalukou, Huaxi & Jinzhu
05 Feb 2013: + Longtousi

 

Chongqing Monorail Chongqing Monorail Chongqing Monorail Chongqing Monorail Chongqing Monorail Chongqing Monorail
 Line 6

Chongqing's second full subway, started running on the north shore of the Jialing River in 2012.

28 Sept 2012: Kangzhuang - Wulidian
26 Dec 2012: Kangzhuang - Lijia
15 May 2013: Lijia - Yuelai
31 Dec 2013: Lijia - Beibei

Chongqing Subway Chongqing Subway

 Projects

Urban Rail Line "4": Shiqiaopu - Changshengqiao
The line will run north-south from Shiqiaopu to Changshengqiao, a length of 19.3 km. Of this, 8.4 km will be underground (mainly in the stretch north of the Yangtze), and 10.9 km will be elevated track (including over the Ergongyan Bridge). There will be 14 stations. This line will use four-axle carriages, and the Ergongyan Bridge has been constructed with the track in mind. It will pass through two junctions (Shiqiaopu and Shigongli), and the three underground lines in the city will be connected to it to form a complete network. Construction scheduled after 2010.

Urban Rail Line "5" (Light Rail Line): Tongjiayuanzi - Zhongliangshan
Runs from Chongqing New Station in the northern urban area (Tongjiayuanzi), ends at Zhongliangshan, a total length of 28.6 km. Of this there will be 8.6 km underground (mainly in the Shapingba section), 20 km elevated track (including over the Shimahe Jialing River Bridge). There will be 18 stations. In the long term the line will be extended northwards to Jiangbei Airport (about 14 km) and southwards to Xinshancun (about 6 km). It will join up with the planned Jiaochangkou to Xinshancun Light Rail to form an elevated light rail line, with a total length of approximately 62 km. Construction scheduled to start after 2010.

 Impressions

Craig Moore reports after a visit in Oct 2013:

Chongqing (Chungking). This is a large city in central China, and although it has a rich history there is, sadly, little remaining - the urban area being dominated by unplanned urban development (as the case with most cities in East Asia). However, the city does have a stunning location, engulfed in mountains, valleys and gorges, with the city centre, full of high-rise buildings, located on a tongue-shaped spit of land where the Jialing River joins the mighty Yangtze. It is this topography that makes the Metro so interesting and the fact that the system has very good coverage of the city and has extension in construction and new lines planned.

On introduction, the system is frustrating as it is very difficult to locate the stations in central areas. The underground stations often share entrances with shops and there is no totem nearby, or signage to point users in the right direction. Where there are typical entrances (stairs from the street level), they tend to merge into the plethora of street furniture, signage and general activity that is typical of Chinese cities and so locating stations is not as straightforward as could be. The Monorail sections are easy to spot as the stations are huge, high in the sky, and ugly.

Lines 1 and 6 are heavy rail metros and are underground lines with typical Chinese station layout (island platforms/full platform screens/line maps in Mandarin and English/Television screens blasting out advertisements and real time information) and are clean and spacious with access via escalator and stairs. Headways on these lines are 4/6 mins and the stock is again colour-coded with Red or Pink fronts and wide bands across the length of the train. The interiors are bright and clean, have side seating and handles/poles are also colour-coded. There are electronic and audio announcements in Mandarin and English (cheesy-American English) and the strip maps above doors highlight progression of the journey-very easy to use. Trains are made up of 8 carriage sets and are speedy, smooth and quiet.

Lines 2 and 3 are Monorail. Given the topography of the area, this is the chosen form of construction and future new lines will be of this type. The lines undulate quite a lot and there are some steep gradient changes and long curvatures as the routes negotiate nature’s barriers. The elevated stations are huge, ugly and shabby and the system looks quite worn in places. The stock is Japanese and is made up of 4 or 6 unit sets, again with colour-coding according to line (green/blue). In-carriage information is good but there are television screens located throughout the carriages which advertise and show news and television programmes-these are very noisy and intrusive. The speed is slow and dwell time at monorail stations is exceptionally long (up to 2 mins). There is no question that this can be classified as a Metro rather than a typical monorail. Headways are 4 mins and there are a number of underground stations in the centre and at the airport which are similar in appearance to the Lines 1/6 stations. Elevated stations have side platforms with half-screens on the platforms, whist the underground sections have island platforms with full-screens.

By Chinese standards this is a very good system. It has excellent coverage across the city, which will only improve with expansion, and, more importantly, some impressive infrastructure to afford views from the monorail – the dramatic scenery looks even more impressive from 40 metres above the ground (especially on Line 3 between * and * as it straddles the river). Fares are inexpensive and distance based (2 to 8 Yuan/€0.25-€1.00) and there is an automated barrier system. Interchange between lines is good and well signed - they have a unique and effective way of directing passengers by colouring the handrails of escalators the same colour as the line you are heading to. Navigation through the system and this is helped by plentiful system maps in stations and hard copy schematic maps being available at all stations (this is very rare in China). The maps are well designed and have been ‘future-proofed’ with parts of the network even under construction being shown. One downside - the logo - it must rank as one of the worst on the planet.

 Links

Chongqing Monorail's official website

Chongqing Monorail Map at Johomaps

Chongqing Metro at Wikipedia

Chongqing Urban Rail Lines on Baidu Map

 

 

MAIL

2007 © Robert Schwandl (UrbanRail.Net)