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BEIJING
 China

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Line 1Beijing (or Peking) is the capital of the People's Republic of China and the country's second largest city (after Shanghai) with more than 12 million inhabitants in the metropolitan area (16,800 sq km).

Subway construction started in China's capital in 1965. The first stretch, which opened between the city's railway station and Pingguoyuan, included today's western branch of Line 1 and the southern part of Line 2. In 1987, the circular line was finished (16 km) and both lines started operating separately. In the 1990's an eastern extension of Line 1 was built; the so-called Fu Ba Line, to Sihui East (formerly shown as BA Wang Fan) opened for trial in Oct. 1999 for the People's Republic's 50th anniversary. The new section (13.5 km) was eventually connected to the western section of Line 1 on 24 June 2000 which had been upgraded to ATO operation.

 

   Line 1  

Line 1The entire Line 1 from Pingguoyuan to Sihuidong is now 38 km long and provides transfer to Ring Line 2 twice, at Fuxingmen and at Jianguomen.

01 Oct 1969 - Beijingzhan (Railway Station - now Line 2) - Pingguoyuan (23.6 km, 17 stations, all underground)
- all stations operational in 1972 (until 1977 only for Chinese people)
20 Sept 1984 - Beijingzhan - Fuxingmen (16.1 km, 12 stations, all underground - now Line 2)

28 Dec 1987: Line 1: Fuxingmen - Pingguoyuan > Line 2 established as circle line
12 Dec 1992: Fuxingmen - Xidan (1.5 km)
24 June 2000: Xidan - Sihui East

   Batong Line  
Batong Line27 Dec 2003: Sihui -Tuqiao (19 km in length - above ground along Beijing-Tianjin Highway, 13 stations)
   Line 2  
20 Sept 1984 - Beijingzhan - Fuxingmen (as part of original metro line)
28 Dec 1987: 16 km circle line
   Line 4  

Although planned to open for the Olympics in 2008, Line 4 (28.6 km with 24 stations), which provides a metro link to the new Beijing South Railway Station, only opened in Sept 2009.

28 Sept 2009: Anheqiao North - Gongyixiqiao
30 Dec 2010: Gongyixiqiao - Tiangongyuan (Daxing Line, 21.7 km, 11 stations)

   Line 5  

Line 5Subway Line 5, the first north-south metro line in Beijing, is 27.6-km, with 16.9 km and 16 stations underground and 10.7 km and 7 stations above ground. Platforms are equipped with half-high platform screen doors. Construction started in Dec. 2002, and the entire line was brought into service in October 2007.

07 Oct 2007: Tiantongyuan North - Songjiazhuang (27.6 km, 23 stations)

   Line 6  

31 km east-west line running parallel and north of line 1

30 Dec 2012: Haidian Wuluju - Caofang

   Line 8  

The first 4.5 km section of Line 8, the so-called Olympic Branch Line, opened on 19 July 2008. It serves all the important Olympic venues and was initially only linked to Line 10.

19 July 2008: Beitucheng - South Gate of Forest Park (4.5 km)
31 Dec 2011: South Gate of Forest Park - Huilongguandongdajie
30 Dec 2012: Beitucheng - Guloudajie
28 Dec 2013: Huilongguan Dongdajie - Zhuxinzhuang and Guloudajie - Nanluoguxiang

   Line 9  

Line 9 connects National Library station on Line 4 to Guogongzhuang via Beijing West Railway Station. At the southern end it is linked to the Fangshan Line.

31 Dec 2011: Beijing West Railway Station - Guogongzhuang (11.1 km)
12 Oct 2012: Fengtaidongdajie station
30 Dec 2012: Beijing West Railway Station - National Library
21 Dec 2013: Military Museum station added

   Line 10  

Subway Line 10 was opened on 19 July 2008, in time for the Olympic Games. Its construction had started in Dec. 2003. Line 10, the city's second circular line, is 54.8 km long and fully underground.

19 July 2008: Bagou - Jinsong (25 km)
30 Dec 2012: Jinsong - Shoujingmao
30 Dec 2012: Bagou - Xiju
05 May 2013:
Xiju - Shoujingmao (circle completed)

   Line 13  

Construction of "CityRail" (Line 13 in the overall "rapid transit" planning) started in December 1999. The semicircular line with 16 stations runs from Xizhimen to Dongzhimen (both are stations on the circle Line 2). The 40.8 km line is mainly above ground, either elevated (7.7 km) or at grade (30.3km). After the western section (20.6km) went into operation on 28 Sept. 2002, the eastern section was opened in January 2003.

28 Sept 2002: Xizhimen - Huoying
28 Jan 2003: eastern section Huoying - Dongzhimen

   Line 14  

In time for the "Ninth China International Garden Expo", the western section of line 14 opened in spring 2013.

05 May 2013: Zhangguozhuang - Xiju (12.4 km)

   Line 15  
28 Dec 2010: Wangjing West - Houshayu
31 Dec 2011: Houshayu - Fengbo

   Airport Express  
Airport ExpressRight in time for the Olympic Games 2008, the Airport Express line (28.1 km) opened on 19 July 2008, linking the city centre to the International Airport northeast of Beijing. The Airport Express is a fully automatic, driverless railway, which provides interchange with subway lines 2, 10 and 13. At the airport it stops at Terminal 3 and at Terminal 2 (this stop is for Terminal 1, too). A special fare is applicable for the Airport Express.

   Suburban Subway Lines  

The first sections of four suburban metro lines opened on 30 Dec 2010. The suburban subway lines share the same specifications with the urban lines, but typically have longer average station distances and run partly on the surface:

 

 Changping Line
 
 Daxing Line
The Daxing Line is connected directly to Subway Line 4, with metro trains running through on the mostly underground suburban route.
 Fangshan Line

Until metro line 9 was opened, the Fangshan Line was not directly linked to the existing subway network.

31 Dec 2011: Fangshan Line extended from Dabaotai to Guogongzhuang (L9)

Fangshan Line Fangshan Line Fangshan Line

 Yizhuang Line
 
 

 Projects

Line 2 There are ambitious plans to expand the subway network in the Chinese capital, which include both subways, light rail and suburban trains - for more projects click here

 

 Photos

Photo © Jiri Malat L-13 Wangjingxi station © Ranskaldan Tiananmen East © Clement Lee Photo © Jiri Malat More photos

 Practical Info

 Links

Beijing metro ticketBeijing Subway (Official Website)

Beijing Subway at Wikipedia

Beijing Subway Tips incl. nice map

Explore Beijing > Subway

Allen Zagel's China Rail site includes Beijing subway photos

Beijing Subway Map at Johomaps

Line 13 photo gallery

Huge Beijing Metro Gallery at nycsubway.org

UrbanRail.Net > Beijing Subway Gallery

 

 Photos

Beijing subway vestibule © Allen Zagel Beijing Line 1 © Allen Zagel Beijing Line 2 © Allen Zagel Beijing Line 2 © Allen Zagel More photos

These pictures by kind permission © Allen Zagel

 

Tiananmenxi station entrance - 2000 © Jordi Serradell

Photo © Jordi Serradell


Thanks to Arnaud Carpentier!

 

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2007 © Robert Schwandl (UrbanRail.Net)