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BANGKOK
 Thailand

Bangkok Mass Transit Map © UrbanRail.Net

 System

The present Bangkok mass transit system comprises two different types of metros: 1) the elevated BTS system, the so-called Skytrain - rot fai fah in Thai, and 2) the underground MRT subway. Although BTS and MRT use similar technology (trains, signalling & train control), there is no track connection between them. All MRT stations are equipped with platform-screen-doors, which does not apply to any BTS station.

Besides the mass transit rail systems, Water Buses provide a fast transport service on the Chao Phraya River; at present, transfer to the BTS system is only possible at Saphan Taksin station.

   Green Lines (BTS-Skytrain)  

This is a completely elevated system built by Siemens as a turnkey project, opened in 1999, initially 23 km long with 23 stations. The BTS system consists of two lines:
the Sukhumvit Line (22 km) and
the Silom Line (11.5 km).

Track gauge is 1435 mm and power supply is via third rail at 750 V DC. 3-car trains are 65 m long (a fourth car being added to all trains between 2012 and 2013), air-conditioned and run at an average speed of 35 kph. Saphan Taksin station on the Silom Line was only planned as a temporary station, but as it offers an excellent connection to the Water Buses on Chao Phraya River, it remains open after the extension to Wongwian Yai, although the single-track section at Saphan Taksin station limits the capacity on the Silom Line. The elevated Green Line depot is connected to Mo Chit station.

05 Dec 1999: basic BTS network
- Sukhumvit Line Mo Chit - On Nut
- Silom Line National Stadium - Saphan Taksin

15 May 2009: Silom Line Saphan Taksin - Wong Wian Yai (2.2 km)
12
Aug 2011: Sukhumvit Line On Nut - Bearing (5.25 km)
12 Jan 2013: Silom Line Wong Wian Yai - Pho Nimit (1.0 km)
14 Feb 2013: Silom Line Pho Nimit - Talat Phlu (1.2 km)
05 Dec 2013: Silom Line Talat Phlu - Bang Wa (2.6 km)

Photo © Neil Madhvani Photo © Neil Madhvani Photo © Neil Madhvani Photo © Neil Madhvani Skytrain Skytrain Skytrain Sala Daeng station
Photos Neil Madhvani | Craig Moore

 

 Blue Line (MRTA)

 

In August 1997 construction work began on this 21 km underground full metro with 18 stations; it finally opened for trial service in April 2004. In December 2001, Siemens was awarded the contract to build 19 three-car trains for this line and to provide the necessary operating equipment.

A 1-station extension from Bang Sue to Tao Pun is planned to create an interchange with the future Purple Line; the Blue Line would be on surface at Tao Pun station.

The standard Blue Line station has an island platform on level -3. Sam Yan, Silom and Lumphini stations have side platforms on different levels, each with trains to Bang Sue on level -2, and trains to Hua Lamphong on level -4, whereas Bang Sue and Khlong Toei stations have two side platforms on the same level. Thailand Cultural Centre is much bigger than other comparable stations: the Blue Line stops on level -3, while level -2 is prepared to accommodate the Orange Line in the future. The surface Blue Line depot is connected directly to both Thailand Cultural Centre and Phra Ram 9 stations. A track connection between Blue and Orange Lines will be made via this depot.

13 April 2004 - Blue Line trial service

03 July 2004 - Blue Line Bang Sue - Hua Lampong (normal revenue service)

Phetchaburi © Neil Madhvani Phetchaburi © Neil Madhvani Phetchaburi © Neil Madhvani Phetchaburi © Neil Madhvani Inside Subway train © Neil Madhvani
Phetchaburi station Neil Madhvani

 

 

 City Line & Airport Rail Link

 

28 km elevated line with 8 stations, standard gauge, from Phrayat Thai via Makkasan/City-Terminal to Suvarnabhumi Airport), every 15 minutes, shared with special non-stop airport express which departs from Makkasan/City-Terminal, opened for commercial operation on 23 August 2010.

23 Aug 2010 - City Line & Airport Rail Link

Bangkok Airport Line Bangkok Airport Line Bangkok Airport Line Makkasan
Photos Amnat Phutthamrong

 Projects

BTS Light Green Line (Sukhumvit)
East:
1) Bearing to Samut Prakan: 12.6 km, 7 stations (2 built later) (E15-E23). (Construction started March 2012 for completion in late 2015) (
Website)

2) Samut Prakan to Bang Pooyai, 7.5km, 4 stations (E24-E27). (Planned)

North:
1) Mo Chit station to Saphan Mai: 11.4 km, 11 stations (N9N20). (Under tender)
2) Saphan Mai to Khoo Khut: 7.5 km, 4 stations (N21-N24). (Under tender)
3) Khoo Khut to Lam Lukka: 9km, 5 stations (N25-N29). (Planned)

MRTA:
1) Purple Line (Tao Pun - Phra Nangklao - Bang Yai): 16 stations, 23km. (Construction started early 2010, opening 2016) (Website)
2) Blue Line extension (construction started mid-2011, opening 2017) (Website):
  a) Bang Sue Tao Poon, 1.2 km 1 elevated station (open 2015, interchange with Purple),
  b) Tao Poon - Tha Phra, 11.9 km with 10 elevated stations,
  c) Hua Lamphong - Lak Song, 13.9 km 11 stations ( 8.9 km 7 stations elevated, 5 km 4 stations underground).

3) Pink monorail Line (Pak Kret - Lak Si - Min Buri): 30 stations, 36km (Planned) (Website)
4) Orange Line (Bang Bamru - Bang Kapi - Min Buri ): 37 km, 27 stations (26 km 20 stations underground, 11 km 7 stations elevated). (Planned) (Website)
5) Yellow monorail Line (Lat Phrao Bangkapi - Samrong): 31 km, 22 stations (Planned) (Website)
6) Purple Line southern extension (Tao Pun Wong Wian Yai Phra Padeang): 23.6km 17 stations (12.6km 10 stations underground, 11km 7 stations elevated) (Planned) (Website)

BMA (Bangkok Municipal Authority project):
1)    Grey Line (Watcharapon Thonglor Rama 9 bridge): 26km, 21 stations (Planned)

SRT Airport Rail Link (ARL): 
Extension from Makkasan (City Air Terminal) to new Bang Sue Terminal and Don Muang Airport (2nd BKK Airport): 5 stations, 21.8 km (18.3 km elevated, 3.5 km underground) (Planned)

SRT: Suburban Rail System (elevated, 1000 mm gauge):

1) Light Red Line: Bang Sue - Taling Chan (narrow gauge): 15km, 5 stations. Line opened for limited services (3 stations) late 2012. (Website) 
2) Dark Red Line: Bang Sue - Rangsit (narrow gauge): 26km, 8 stations. (Construction started mid 2013 for completion in 2017) 
3) Light Red Line west extension (Taling Chan Salaya): 12km, 4 stations. (Planned)

 

 Photos

Skytrain © Ron Morris Skytrain © Ron Morris Skytrain © Ron Morris Skytrain © Ron Morris Skytrain © Ron Morris
Photos Ron Morris

Photo © Neil Madhvani Photo © Neil Madhvani Photo © Neil Madhvani Photo © Neil Madhvani
Photos Neil Madhvani

 

 Links

BTS BTS Skytrain Official Page

Bangkok Metro Company (Blue Line - official)

MRTA Mass Rapid Transit Authority of Thailand

Airport Rail Link


Bangkok Skytrain and Bangkok Metro at Wikipedia

Suvarnabhumi Airport Link at Wikipedia

2bangkok.com (News about Mass Transit)

Railway Technology - Bangkok Metro

Skytrain Map on city map

Norbert Pogrzeba has some more pictures

Bangkok Rapid Transit Map at Johomaps.com

Bangkok Rapid Transit map at SEA City Maps

 

 

Thanks to Stefan Baumgartner

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2007 © Robert Schwandl (UrbanRail.Net)