With almost 2 million inhabitants, Kharkiv (Khar'kov in Russian) is Ukraine's second largest city, situated in the eastern part of the country. Initially a combined network of existing suburban and new urban lines was planned during the 1960's, but when the first tunnel sections were finished common 2.7 m wide rolling stock was ordered for exclusive metro use.
The Kharkiv Metro was inaugurated on 23 August 1975 (10.4 km with 8 stations). It connects three railway and three major bus stations.
Stations in the city centre are very deep, less so in outer areas. Similarly to the Moscow or Kyiv metros, most stations are beautiful underground palaces. Platform length is 100 m for 5-car-trains on all lines.
Between Kyivs'ka and Barabashova, the Saltivs'ka Line crosses the Kharkiv river on a 988 m covered bridge.
The network has a total length of about 37.4 km with 29 stations (2010):
|1||Kholodnogors'ka Line (17.3 km, Russian Kholodnogorskaya; formerly Sverdlovsko-Zavodskaya)|
|2||Saltivs'ka Line (10.2 km, Russian Saltovskaya; future Saltovsko-Shevchenkovskaya)|
|3||Oleksiivs'ka Line (9.9 km, Russian Alekseyevskaya; future Alekseyevsko-Gagarinskaya)|
All photos © Alexei Bobko
Aug 1975 - Kholodna Gora (formerly Ul. Sverdlova) - Moskovs'kyi
Dec 2015: Radianska station renamed Maidan Konstytutsii
Oleksiivs'ka Line is being extended further north to Prospekt Peremohy.
A southern extension is planned.
By the year 2025, 50 km of new lines with 30 stations should be built. See map with planned extensions.
Due to an average station distance of 1500 m commercial travel speed is 42 km/h. The first trains leave at 5:30 and the last at 0:30.
On the Red line and the Blue line trains run every 2-3 min., every 3-4 min. after 22:00, on the Green line every 3-4 min. During off-peak hours (10:00-14:00) every third train terminates at Barabashova on the Blue line during winter months.
(with transfer between metro lines) - 1.50 hryvnia
Metro Kharkiv (Official Website)
Metro Kharkov at Wikipedia
Metrosoyuza by Peter Donn includes nice station pictures
Kharkov City Transport by Andrey Rybka
Kharkov Metro at Mir metro/Metroworld by Aksenov Dmitry
Here's a list of all station names in Russian and Ukrainian (Thanks to Alex Riabov & Dmitriy Karaulov)
Pictures taken from Metrostoy, thanks to Alexandre Chmielevski and A. Sinurin. Thanks to Alex Abedenko and Alex Riabov.