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TEHRAN
 Iran

 METRO

Tehran Metro LogoTehran, the capital of Iran, started construction of a metro system already during the reign of the Shah, but due to financing problems the first mass transit line could not open until March 1999. This was the suburban line (shown on maps as Line 5) which links Tehran to the satellite town of Mehrshahr, some 40 km west of Tehran. Meanwhile construction of the first two metro lines also had advanced and the first stretch of Line 2, which links the Tehran terminus of the Mehrshahr Line to the city centre at Imam Khomeini, started regular service in February 2000. Since then, the network has been gradually expanded and now includes four urban and one suburban lines.

 

 Line 1
Line 1 Saadi © Erki KurrikoffAt Imam-Khomeini-Square, the east-west Line 2 intersects with Line 1, which runs north-south. A first 10 km section opened in August 2001. The second stage from Darvazeh Dowlat to Mirdamad (7 km, 8 stations) opened in March 2002 and another 5 km stretch was added in Oct 2002. This line was then extended towards the south to Imam's Holy Shrine, with intermediate stations opening in stages.
 Line 2
At present, Line 2 is 22 km long and has 22 stations. Eleven 7-car trains (137 m long) serve the line at a 2-minute headway, with 3rd-rail power supply (750V).
 Line 3
 
 Line 4
 
 Line 5
The Tehran-Karaj-Mehrshahr Express Line is a 41 km commuter surface line, which uses 6 double-deck 8-car-trains (248 m), locomotive-drawn with catenary (25KV), 10-minutes headway, 11 stations.
 Photos

L1 Khayam L1 Javanmard-e-Ghassab L1 Javanmard-e-Ghassab L1 Javanmard-e-Ghassab

L1 Baghershahr L1 Panzdahe-Khordad L1 Shoush L1 Baghershahr
Photos © Toma Bacic

 History

xx-03-1999 - Line 5 - Tehran-Karaj- Mehrshahr Express Line (3 stations - 31.5 km)
21-02-2000 -
Line 2 - Tehran (Sadeghieh) - Imam Khomeini (9 stations - 9.3 km)
28-08-2001 - Line 1 Ali Abad - Darvazeh Dowlat (10 km)
18-03-2002 - Line 1 Darvazeh Dowlat - Mirdamad (7 km)
23-10-2002 - Line 1 Ali Abad - Shahr-e-Rey (5 km)
xx-03-2003 - Line 1 Shahr-e-Rey - Haram-e-Motahar (Imam's Holy Shrine) (except intermediate stations)
xx-xx-2004 -
Line 2 Imam Khomeini - Baharestan (1.6 km, 2 stations)
15-03-200x - Line 5 Karaj - Golshahr (9 km)
xx-03-2006 -
Line 2 Baharestan - Elm-o-Sanat University (not all intermediate stations, only Shahid Madani and Sarsabz)
01-07-2006 -
Line 2 Darvazeh Shemiran and Sabalan stations
13-11-2006 - Line 5 Atmosfer station added
19-04-2008 - Line 4 Ferdowsi - Darvazeh Shemiran (2.5 km)
15-02-2009 -
Line 2 Elm-o-Sanat University - Tehran Pars
16-03-2009 - Line 4 Darvazeh Shemiran - Shohada Square
31-05-2009 - Line 1 Mirdamad - Gholhak
31-05-2009 - Line 4 Ferdowsi - Enghelab Square (excluding intermediate station)
31-01-2010 - Line 1 Gholhak - Gheitarieh (excluding intermediate station)
10-06-2010 -
Line 2 Tehran Pars - Farhangsara
31-07-2010 - Line 1 Shahid Sadr station added
xx-10-2010 - Line 4 Shohada Square - Shahid Kolahdooz (5.5 km) (without intermediate stations)
17-10-2010 - Line 4 Vali-e Asr and Nabard stations
07-02-2011 - Line 4 Enghelab Square - Meydan-e Azadi (with only Towhid station in between)
09-05-2011 - Line 4 Doctor Habib-o-Ilah station
21-07-2011 - Line 1 Haram-e-Motahar - Kahrizak
27-08-2011 - Line 4 Sheykh-o-raeis station
05-11-2011 - Line 4 Ostad Moein station
09-01-2012 - Line 4 Piroozi station
19-02-2012 - Line 1 Gheitarieh - Tajrish
16-06-2012 - Line 4 Niroo Havaei station
23-07-2012 - Line 4 Meydan-e Azadi - Ekbatan (without Bimeh)
16-12-2012 - Line 3
Vali-e Asr - Shahid Beheshti (7 km, without intermediate stations)

Note: Some dates have not been confirmed

 Projects

When finished, Line 1 will be 28.1 km long (14.1 km underground). In the south Line 1 may be extended to Imam Khomeini Airport (with a possible suburban link to Vavan).

Line 2 may later be extended further east to connect with a suburban line to Damavand and Pardis.

Line 3 is to include 23 underground stations over a distance of about 24 km, and seven ground-level stations over a length of 11 km. The project is to be completed in five phases by 2014. Tehran Metro Line 3 starts from southernmost part in Islamshahr and after passing through Chahardangeh, Rah-Ahan, Monirieh and Vali-e Asr squares, it will reach Shahid Beheshti Street and then cross Resalat, Majidieh streets and Imam Ali-Shahid Zeinuddin Intersection to end in Lashgarak. Construction started in mid-2007, the first section has been operational since Dec 2012.

Line 4 - 20 km; the initial section runs from Tehran Nau in the east to Azadi Square in the west, from where it will later be extended to the domestic airport. First section opened in 2008.

Four more lines are on the drawing board (see map):

Line 6 - from Bokharaei in the southeast to Sadeghieh in the northwest
Line 7 - from Yousef Abad in the north to Takhti Stadium in the southeast
Line 8 and Line 9 would form kind of a circle around the outer suburbs

 

 Links

Tehran Metro (official page)

Tehran Metro Story (doc, 15MB, from official site)

Tehran Metro Group

Non-offical Iran Railways Page (includes some subway info)

Tehran Metro at Wikipedia

 


2004 © UrbanRail.Net by Robert Schwandl.